is one of the most common fatal poisoning diagnosed in dogs. Strychnine is a commonly used rodenticide. It is also used in gopher baits. Domestic animals must be excluded from areas where rodent baits are placed.
Ethylene glycol (anti-freeze) is the most common fatal poisoning diagnosed in cats. Most cases are seen in the fall and winter. Anti-freeze has a sweet taste that many species of animals like.
One adult aspirin given to a cat can kill. Check with your veterinarian before giving aspirin to your cat.
, another common drug used for pain, should not be given to cats.
keep all leftover food out of reach in a closed container. Many “people” foods can be harmful and even fatal when given to your pets.
- Chocolate Dogs, like many people, like chocolate. But unlike humans, chocolate can be poisonous to our canine companions. Just one ounce of baking chocolate or a chocolate bar can be life threatening to your pet. The amount of chocolate that is toxic to a pet is directly proportioned to the weight of the animal. Dogs reactions to chocolate can include vomiting, diarrhea, seizures, coma and death. Other side effects include irregular heartbeat, hyperactivity, tremors, frequent urination, and restlessness. If you suspect that your pet has eaten chocolate, contact your veterinarian immediately. Time is of the essence in your pet's recovery from chocolate poisoning. For the safety of your pet, don't give him or her any chocolate especially when there are so many other nutritious treats to give your pet.
- Bones Turkey and chicken bones are particular favorites, especially during the holiday season. But these bones easily splinter and should not be given to pets. Bone splinters can puncture an animal's gastrointestinal tract causing serious internal injury which can result in the death of your pet. If you suspect that your pet has ingested turkey or chicken bones, contact your veterinarian right away.
- Coffee is also dangerous to animals. Watch out for grounds and whole beans. Nicotine is a stimulant that can increase the heart rate leading to collapse, and in the worst case, even death.
- Onions are toxic. They inhibit an animal's ability to coagulate blood. Foods containing high amounts of onion powder should also be avoided.
- Fatty foods can cause digestive upset, as can bread dough, nuts, and other "people" foods. Traditional holiday foods such as turkey, ham, and other fatty foods can cause pancreatitis in some animals. Stomach upset, vomiting, and diarrhea can occur if pets consume these items. Limit table scraps, and let your guests know as well.
- Alcoholic beverages should be kept away from animals year-round.
- Grapes and raisins can lead to loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and acute renal failure in dogs resulting in death.
Flowers and plants are beautiful and add so much to our homes and yards. But, did you know many common houseplants and flowers may be hazardous to your pet? Here is a list of just some of the many poisonous flowers and plants:
Apple (seeds and wilting leaves),
Apple Leaf Croton,
Bird of Paradise,
Cherry (seeds and wilting leaves),
Chinaberry Tree (berries, bark, leaves, flowers),
Day Lily (cats),
Dumb Cane (all types),
Easter Lily (especially cats),
Hahn's Self-Branching English Ivy,
Indian Rubber Plant,
Japanese Show Lily (especially cats),
Kalanchoe (Panda Bear Plant),
Lily of the Valley,
Madagascar Dragon Tree,
Oriental Lily (especially cats),
Peach (wilting leaves and pits),
Poinsettia (low toxicity),
Red Lily (especially cats),
Rubrum Lily (especially cats),
Stargazer Lily (especially cats),
String of Pearls/Beads,
Swiss Cheese Plant,
Tiger Lily (especially cats),
Tomato Plant (green fruit, stem & leaves),
Variegated Rubber Plant,
Western Lily (especially cats),
Wood Lily (especially cats),
Today and Tomorrow,
If you suspect your pet has gotten into a potentially poisonous substance, call your veterinarian immediately! Have the telephone number to your local emergency animal hospital readily available, as well as the number for the national animal poison control center.